4 edition of Economic impact analysis for the final primary copper smelting NESHAP found in the catalog.
Economic impact analysis for the final primary copper smelting NESHAP
by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards in Research Triangle Park, N.C
Written in English
|Other titles||Economic impact analysis for the final primary copper smelting national emission standard for hazardous air pollutants.|
|Contributions||United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||1 v. (various pagings)|
Systems Analysis and Technology Evaluation Forschungszentrum Jülich D Jülich, Germany ABSTRACT The implemented technology for Copper production has a significant influence on the resource requirement. By using newest technology, the environmental burden of products can be reduced. One way to evaluate the impact is using means of Life. RESOURCES POLICY June 97 Economics of copper smelter pollution control 25 D. P. Harris, R. T. Newcomb and M. Rieber, An Economic Analysis of the Prospects for Increasing the Consumption of Copper in Developing Countries to Year , New York, NY, International Copper Research Association, 31 January 98 On the other hand, it does Cited by: 1.
by Federal Ministry of Environment of Nigeria. Analysis of the total suspended particulate matter shows the concentration (µg/m. 3) range of for Cu, for Fe, for Ni, for Zn, Mn and 0- -6 for Cr. The upper limit for Cu was above the values in literature. The results suggest the need to install particulate matter. Production and Employment in US Copper Mining 0 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, g ) j jobs% Economic Census: Copper & Nickel Mining, Various Years US Primary Copper Production Was Approximately the Same at the Beginning and End of This Period:File Size: KB.
improvement and optimisation of the copper smelting process and its products. The slag samples were taken at different stages of the copper smelting process. Experimental investigation included the XRD, XRF and SEM techniques, which were also confirmed by the traditional wet chemistry Size: 2MB. Melting and Refining Technology for Copper Produced from Scrap Charge Our copper refining technology allows the use of higher-impurity charge materials, and still produce premium quality refined copper. In some applications, copper produced by this method may compete with copper that underwent electrolytic Size: KB.
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(OAQPS) has developed this economic impact analysis (EIA) to support the evaluation of impacts associated with the regulatory options considered for this NESHAP. By controlling emissions of HAPs from primary copper smelting, EPA is protecting and enhancing the quality of the nation’s air resources, as stated in Section (b) of the Clean Air.
Get this from a library. Economic impact analysis for the final primary copper smelting NESHAP. [United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.;]. Both the Economic Impact Analysis and the Industry Profile are in the public docket for the NESHAP proposal.
Copies of these reports and other material supporting the proposal are in Docket A at EPA's Air and Radiation Docket and Information Center, Waterside Mall, Room M, Central Mall, M. Street SW, Washington, D.C. On Jthe U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) promulgated final air toxics standards for the Primary Copper Smelting major sources.
Primary copper smelting is the industry which refines copper sulfide ore concentrate from mined ore to produce anode grade copper, using pyrometallurgical processes. Copper smelting is part of the primary copper production process. Primary copper production starts with mining of copper ore having copper content of only 1 percent to 2 percent and ends with commercial grade copper that is percent pure.
This NESHAP covers only a part of the primary copper production. PRODUCTION PROCESS, INPUTS, AND. United States Environmental Protection Agency Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards Research Triangle Park, NC EPA/P November Air Economic Impact Analysis for the EPA Proposed Primary Copper Smelting NESHAP.
Primary copper smelting is the industry which refines copper sulfide ore concentrate from mined ore to produce anode grade copper, using pyrometallurgical processes.
Pyrometallurgical processes use high temperature furnaces to smelt or refine ores to produce pure metals or metal oxides. This final rule requires existing primary copper smelters. This action promulgates national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) for primary copper smelting.
Primary copper smelters can potentially emit significant amounts of certain toxic metals listed as hazardous air pollutants (HAP) in Clean Air Act (CAA) section (b)(1). These. For the purposes of assessing the impacts of the area source NESHAP on small entities, small entity is defined as: (1) A small business that meets the Small Business Administration size standards for small businesses at 13 CFR (less than 1, employees for primary copper smelting and less than employees for secondary copper.
3 Development of primary copper smelting in the EU. the final draft of the NFM BREF focuse s on end-of-pipe solutions without due considera- Primary Copper Smelting Impact. Economic Impact Analysis of the Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products Surface Coating NESHAP: Final Report [U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was introduced on December 2, by President Richard Nixon.
The agency is charged with protecting human health and the environment. Economic Impact Analysis of Proposed Coke Ovens NESHAP [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was introduced on December 2, by President Richard Nixon. The agency is charged with protecting human health and the environment.
View miscmetalppeia from MKTG at University of Pennsylvania. Economic Impact Analysis of the Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products Surface Coating NESHAP: Final.
Primary Smelting and Refining of Copper: Economic Census Manufacturing Industry Series Issued December ECI (RV) U.S.
Department of Commerce Donald L. Evans, Secretary Theodore W. Kassinger, Deputy Secretary Economics and Statistics Administration Kathleen B. Cooper, Under Secretary for Economic Affairs U.S. CENSUS BUREAU. NAICS - Primary Smelting and Refining of Copper NAICS - Primary Smelting and Refining of Nonferrous Metal (except Copper and Aluminum) This U.S.
industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) smelting copper ore and/or (2) the primary refining of copper by electrolytic methods or other processes. Economic Efficiency Example the calculation of overall economic efficiency The following assay data was collected from a copper-zincconcentrator: Mass flow measurement showed that % of the feed weightreported to the copper concentrate, and % to the zincconcentrate.
Calculate the overall economic efficiency under the followingsimplified. controls, and the impact of those controls on do-mestic competitiveness. Further analysis of envi-ronmental regulation and its impact on the U.S. copper industry may be found in chapter AIR QUALITY Pollutants of Concern and Their Regulation Uncontrolled copper smelting processes emit large quantities of particulate matter, trace ele.
The comments focus on the EPA's Economic Impact Analysis of the economic impacts of the Ferroalloys NESHAP Rulemaking. The report concludes that the proposed rule would result in significant economic impacts and potential closure based on the nature of the costs and the domestic ferroalloys industry.
The primary copper smelting industry in the United States uses pyrometallurgical processes to extract copper from sulfide copper ores that contain arsenic as an impurity.
At the 15 primary copper smelters operating in the United States inthe average arsenic content of copper ore ranged from to weight : Benefits for Environmental Decisions, P.
Brett Hammond, Rob Coppock. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is failing to protect communities and the environment from toxic air pollution emitted by copper smelters, environmental groups argued today.
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia heard oral arguments in a case (Docket # ) challenging EPA's inadequate regulations for controlling toxic air emissions from primary copper.
The techno-economic evaluation was performed through a two-step methodology comprising of a process simulation followed by an economic analysis.
The process simulation was carried out by developing a detailed flowsheet of a processing of e-waste embedded in a black copper smelting route (a type of secondary copper recycling/processing route).Cited by: Copper processing is a complicated process that begins with mining of the ore (less than 1% copper) and ends with sheets of % pure copper called cathodes, which will ultimately be made into products for everyday most common types of ore, copper oxide and copper sulfide, undergo two different processes, hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy, respectively, due to the different.The smelting charge should have a composition cufescaoal2o3and sio2 wt pct.
Smelting temperature is preferably 1, deg-1, deg c. Publication Date